Plantilla de artículo 2013
Andean Geology 50 (2): 167-180. May, 2023
Andean Geology
doi: 10.5027/andgeoV50n2-3639

Integrated U-Pb and Hf zircon and whole-rock Nd isotopes studies of
Devonian granitic rocks from Sierra de San Luis
(Sierras Pampeanas, Argentina): Petrogenetic implications
*Juan A. Dahlquist1, Matías M. Morales Cámera1, Juan A. Moreno2,
Miguel A.S. Basei3, Priscila Zandomeni1, Gilmara Santos da Cruz1

1 Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Tierra (CICTERRA), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Av. Vélez Sársfield 1611, Ciudad Universitaria, X5016GCA Córdoba. Argentina.,,,

2 Departamento de Mineralogía y Petrología, Universidad Complutense (UCM). José Antonio Novais 12, 28040 Madrid. Spain.

3 Instituto de Geociências, Universidade de São Paulo. do lago 562 - Butantã, São Paulo - SP, 05508-080, Brasil.

* Corresponding author:

Previous geochronological data indicate a protracted Devonian magmatic activity developed in the Sierra de San Luis, Sierras Pampeanas of Argentina, with three major crystallization events: 393±3, 384±2, and 377±2 Ma. Previously reported whole-rock Sm-Nd isotopes data define two average distinctive εNdt values: -1.37 and -3.47, and they are consistent with new data presented here. The first signature is assumed for a parental magma with dominant metasomatized subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM) source, whereas the second signature could represent a parental magma derived of a lower continental crust source hybridized with magmas of the first signature. Notably, the new zircon Hf isotopes performed on the same zircon domains that were previously dated, indicate that the contribution of the source was variable over time. In situ Hf in zircon is relevant to evaluate the compositional evolution of the Devonian granitic magmas in the Sierra de San Luis, since the high variability of the εHft values recorded in zircons indicate that the calculated εNdt values for the samples can only be interpreted as a final picture of the petrogenetic process. Zircon Hf isotopes data suggest that the zircon crystallized from a magma with variable composition, recording two major events, yielding two εHft signatures: (1) -3.54 and (2) -6.85. A third composition, yield a less representative εHft value of -5.44, and represent a εHft signature (3).

Keywords: εHft and εNdt values, U-Pb zircon geochronology, Petrogenetic process.



1. Introduction

A feature of many studies is an implicit assumption that all zircons present in the host igneous rock are autocrysts, that is, crystallized from the surrounding melt. However, it has long been recognized that zircons present in an igneous rock can be inherited either from the surrounding country rock or source region (xenocrysts), or from earlier stages of magmatism in the magmatic source or in the plumbing system (antecrysts) (e.g., Miller et al., 2007).

Numerous works use different age populations of zircon to calculate an age, although individual ages show remarkable variations, displaying a relevant difference of ca. 15-20 Ma. This range of ages strongly suggest the presence of autocrysts and antecrysts in the crystallized rocks as indicated for different works (e.g., Miller et al., 2007; Siégel et al., 2018; Dahlquist et al., 2019; Moreno et al., 2020). The presence of antecrysts suggests that the origin and emplacement processes of granitic magmas can last much longer than a million years. It has been recently shown by high precision geochronology that many plutons have been assembled in several magmatic pulses that can last several million years (e.g., Tuolumne suite (USA), Coleman et al., 2004; the Altiplano-Puna Volcanic Complex (Argentina-Bolivia-Chile), De Silva and Gosnold, 2007; Queensland (Australia), Siégel et al., 2018; Cordillera Real (Bolivia), Iriarte et al., 2021). In this context, more precise geochronological studies are needed to understand this problem and ultimately the development of the continental crust. On the other hand, during this extended petrogenetic process different chemical and/or isotopic changes are expected for the magmas, like those suggested by Kemp et al. (2007) for the granitoids of the Lachland Fold Belt, SW Australia, where the zircon of a same rock display a notable spectrum of εHft values (up to 10ε units).

LA-MC-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb ages from a sample (CHA-101) of the largest granitic unit from the Las Chacras-Potrerillos batholith, Sierra de San Luis, yield threes distinctive ages (outer error range): 393±3, 384±2, and 377±2 Ma, suggesting a protracted magmatic activity with three major crystallization events for this magmatism (Dahlquist et al., 2019). Dahlquist et al. (2019) indicate that the older Late Devonian ages could indicate recycling of antecrystic zircons formed during early magma crystallization during the construction of a long-lived magma reservoir, while the youngest age is considered the emplacement age. This postulated protracted magmatic activity is appropriated to consider a prolonged zircon crystallization recording different magma compositions. 

In this paper, we report the first study integrating previous in situ U-Pb and new Hf isotope data from magmatic zircon together with previous and new whole-rock Sm-Nd isotope data for two granitic rocks of the Las Chacras-Potrerillos and Renca batholiths, Sierra de San Luis, Argentina. This study is relevant to evaluate the compositional changes using Hf values of zircon crystallized in granitic magmas, derived from two potential sources previously identified using whole-rock Nd isotopes data.

2. Devonian granitic foreland magmatism in Sierra de San Luis

A Devonian foreland magmatism is located between 31°00′and 33°30′ S, in the present-day Sierras de Córdoba and Sierra de San Luis of  Argentina. (Fig. 1). This Devonian foreland magmatism is characterized by development of large intracontinental batholiths and the absence of arc magmatism on the western margin of the plate at this latitude (Dahlquist et al., 2021). Emplacement of these magmas took place mainly into metamorphic basement formed during the Early Paleozoic Pampean and Famatinian orogenies (e.g., Steenken et al., 2011; Casquet et al., 2018; Muñoz et al., 2022). Devonian granites were discordantly emplaced in medium to high grade metamorphic country rocks (e.g., Rapela et al., 1998; Christiansen et al., 2019) overprinted by a strong shear deformation leading to formation of a major mylonitic belt (Siegesmund et al., 2004; Semenov and Weinberg, 2017 and references therein).


Fig. 1. Simplified regional geological map of Sierra de San Luis displaying the studied granitic pluton included in the Las Chacras-Potrerillos and Renca batholiths and eastern plutons (modified from López de Luchi et al., 2017; Morosini et al., 2017; Dahlquist et al., 2019). The studied samples were georeferenced using GIS software. Geochronological data for the studied samples and those referred in the text are included. In violet letter, geochronological data for the studied samples in this work. Previous geochronological data: *Muñoz et al. (2022), **Stuart-Smith et al. (1999). In bracket, range of determined age values. Granite and Monzonite suites are from López de Luchi et al. (2017). In blue letter samples with whole-rock Sm-Nd data reported in this work. Inset: Simplified regional geological map of central NW Argentina, showing the Devonian and Carboniferous magmatic development of the pre-Andean margin of SW Gondwana (Dahlquist et al., 2018a, 2021) and the location of the studied granitoids. The mountain ranges are: Co: Córdoba, NA: Norte-Ambargasta, SL: San Luis, G: El Gigante, LLR: llanos de la Rioja, VF: valle Fértil, PP: Pie de Palo, Br: Brava, An: Ancasti, Ve: Velasco, Fa: Famatina, U-E-M: Umango-Espinal and Maz, Am: Ambato, Vi: Vinquis, TN: Toro Negro, Za: Zapata, Be: Belén, Ca: Capillitas, Fi: Fiambalá, Ac: Aconquija. Vel: cerro Veladero, referred to in the text.


Integrated petrological, geochemical, isotopic, and U-Pb zircon geochronology data of this Devonian foreland magmatism of Sierras Pampeanas of Argentina, represented for the granitoids of Sierras de Córdoba and San Luis (Fig. 1), have been discussed in previous works (e.g., López de Luchi et al., 2017; Muñoz et al., 2022; Dahlquist et al., 2019, 2021 and references therein). Recently, a geodynamic framework for the generation of the Devonian magmatism foreland was postulated by Dahlquist et al. (2021), and an overview of the origin of these magmas can be found in that work.

According to López de Luchi et al. (2017), the granitic rocks of the Sierra de San Luis define two distinctive suites, called Monzonite suite (<65 wt%) and Granite suite (>65 wt%), emplaced in shallow conditions, ranging from 3.3 to 4.7 kbar (Iannizzotto and López de Luchi, 2012; Muñoz et al., 2022). As noted by López de Luchi et al. (2017), classification of the studied Devonian granitoids is subject to debate because they are I- to A-type hybrid granites. Whole-rock Nd isotopes data have been reported by some authors (e.g., López de Luchi et al., 2017; Dahlquist et al., 2019), but zircon Hf isotopes data remain absent for these granitic rocks. Based on whole-rock geochemistry and Sm-Nd isotopes data, previous work identifies two sources for the parental magmas: 1) metasomatized subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM) and 2) a lower continental crust source hybridized with magmas derived from SCLM (López de Luchi et al., 2017; Dahlquist et al., 2019).

The first U-Pb SHRIMP zircon age was reported by Stuart-Smith et al. (1999) for a granitoid of the Renca batholith. Subsequently, U-Pb SHRIMP and LA-MC-ICP-MS zircon ages were reported by Dahlquist et al. (2019) for granitic rocks of the Las Chacras-Potrerillos and Renca batholiths, respectively. Recently, a U-Pb LA-MC-ICP-MS zircon age for the El Hornito pluton was reported by Muñoz et al. (2022).

As noted in Section 1, a common feature of a studied granitic rock from the Las Chacras-Potrerillos batholith is that the individual U-Pb zircon ages mostly vary between ca. 393 and 377 Ma, displaying a relevant time spam of ca. 15 My (previous and new U-Pb zircon LA-MC-ICP-MS data are indicated in Fig. 1). The SHRIMP zircon age reported by Stuart-Smith et al. (1999) is a weighted mean age of 393±5 Ma, with individual values ranging from 405 to 381 Ma, whereas the LA-MC-ICP-MS zircon age of Muñoz et al. (2022) is a Concordia age of 385±2 Ma with a moderately high MSWD=2.2 (1σ , recalculated age to 2σ is 385±5, n=9, with MSWD=2.1, and it is shown in Fig. 1), with individual values varying between 396 and 375 Ma that evidence a relevant difference of ca. 20 My. Notably, the individual U-Pb zircon values reported by Stuart-Smith et al. (1999) are mostly close to 400 Ma, but similar individual values have not been found in our analyses and are also absent in the work of Muñoz et al. (2022).

3. Analytical methodology

New Nd isotopic analyses for the samples CHA-216, CHA-218, and REN-223 (location in Fig. 1), representative of the main granitic units of the Las Chacras-Potrerillos and Renca batholiths, were carried out at the Geochronology and Isotope Geochemistry Centre of the Complutense University of Madrid, Spain. Isotopic analyses were made on an automated multicollector TIMS-PhoenixR mass spectrometer. Analytical uncertainties are estimated to be 0.006% for 143Nd/144Nd and 0.1% 147Sm/144Nd. Replicate analyses of the JNdi-1 Nd-isotope standard yielded an average 143Nd/144Nd ratio of 0.512108±0.000012 (2σ ) with n=6. 143Nd/144Nd was normalized to 146Nd/144Nd=0.7219. Sm, and Nd concentrations in ppm were determined by ICP-MS to calculate the 147Sm/144Nd ratios.

SiO2, and Sm and Nd data for the samples CHA-218, CHA-216, and REN-223 are reported in table 1, were analyzed at the Geosciences Institute of the University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil. The analyses were led on a Philips PW 2404 X-ray fluorescence spectrometer and on a Thermo (Xseries2) quadrupole ICP-MS equipped with Collision Cell Technology (CCT), respectively, using procedures described in Cardoso et al. (2019). Analytical information can be found in Cardoso et al. (2019). Previous and new Sm-Nd data are reported in table 1.

Zircon Hf-isotopes data were obtained from the samples CHA-101 and REN-103 (Granite suite) previously dated by Dahlquist et al. (2019). Description about the characteristics of the analyzed zircon grains as well as the separation and concentration mineral is carried out in Dahlquist et al. (2019). In situ LA-MC-ICP-MS Lu-Hf isotope analyses were also conducted at the Geochronological and Isotopic Geochemical Research Centre, Sao Paulo University, Brazil using a Laser Analyte Excite-Photon Machines (Teledyne) - 193 nm coupled to a Thermo-Finnigan Neptune MC-ICP-MS with nine Faraday collectors. The Lu-Hf isotopic analyses reported here were performed on the same zircon domains that were previously dated. Complete analytical description as well as typical laser operating conditions, analysis routine, correction data from Morales Cámera et al. (2020). Lu-Hf results are reported in table 2.

4. Results

4.1. U-Pb LA-MC-ICP-MS zircon ages

As referred in Section 1, a common characteristic of the studied sample CHA-101 (as well as other samples referred in Section 2) is the relevant time spam of ca. 15 My display between the individual U-Pb zircon analyses. Therefore, we report combined diagrams as suggested by Siégel et al. (2018) to discriminate age populations, in order to identify zircon antecrysts and autocrysts (e.g., combined linearized probability plot and weighted mean age diagrams). To distinguish autocrysts from antecrysts (or xenocrysts), we use a two-stage approach. First, the number of zircon age populations are defined using linearized probability plots to identify younger and older age analyses. Any data points that are not within the calculated regression line are excluded from the populations. Linearized probability plots therefore provide a visual basis whereby multiple zircon age populations can be recognized. Is relevant to clarify that for discriminating age populations it is mandatory to work with a large group of data, thus the obtained results will have statistical significance. Subsequently, weighted mean ages of each zircon age population can then be calculated and interpreted as autocrysts, antecrysts or xenocrysts.

Three age groups from sample CHA-101 were used by Dahlquist et al. (2019) to calculate three consistent weighted mean ages (outside error limits): 379±2, 385±2, and 392±2 Ma (Fig. 2A-C). Notably, when a weighted mean is calculated using all the individual U-Pb zircon data from sample CHA-101, an unacceptable MSDW=13 is obtained (Fig. 2D). Using previous geochronological data from Dahlquist et al. (2019) we report new linearized probability plot (Isoplot/Ex 4.15 Ludwig, 2008) diagrams (Fig. 3A-D), where three age groups as those reported by Dahlquist et al. (2019) are clearly distinguished using now mathematical support. In addition, a linearized probability plot diagram considering the whole data-set from sample CHA-101 yields a regression line with a relatively high error (±14 Ma) for the calculated slope (Fig. 3D). The figure 3A-D reported in this work gives robustness to previously calculated ages, and confirm a protracted Devonian magmatic event in Sierra de San Luis.


Fig. 2. A-D. Weighted mean ages diagrams, after Dahlquist et al. (2019). Considering the whole dataset, sample CHA-101 (Biotite amphibole porhyritic unit, BAPG) yields an age with a high MSWD value of 13. Conversely, the three populations previously distinguished yield ages with appropriate MSWD values. Inset shows the calculated mean age.




Fig. 3. A-D. Linearized probability plots diagrams for the sample CHA-101 (BAPG unit, Las Chacras-Potrerillos batholith) using individual zircon U-Pb ages. Taking as a whole (D) sample CHA-101 yields a regression line with a relatively high error (±14 Ma) for the calculated slope. By contrast, using the three age populations a lower error is obtained for the calculated slopes. Inset shows the slope line regression and calculated age, “X” represents excluded data.


4.2. Sm-Nd whole-rock isotope data

Previous whole-rock Sm-Nd isotope data reported by López de Luchi et al. (2017) indicate that the magmatic suites in Sierra de San Luis have two distinctive average εNdt  (t=inferred mean crystallization age, 385 Ma). The εNdt values for the Monzonite suite  ranges from -1 . 18 to -1.48 (n=3), with an average of -1.37 (Table 1), whereas the εNdt values for the Granite suite are variable, ranging from -1.20 to -4.19. However, the more negative εNdt values are largely dominant in the Granite suite, with εNdt values, ranging from -2.94 to -4.19 (n=14, average=-3.47) and from -1.20 to -1.50 (n=3, average -1.32), respectively (Table 1). Our new Sm-Nd data are consistent with the previous data as shown in table 1.

4.3. Hf in zircon isotope data

Using previous U-Pb zircon crystallization ages referred to above, εHft values were calculated from the new Lu-Hf zircon isotope data reported in table 2. Zircons from CHA-101 and REN-103 have variable but negative εHft values, ranging from -12.61 to -1.57 and from -4.75 to -2.46, respectively (Table 2). In the case of sample CHA-101, although all εHft values are negative, distinctive εHft values are obtained from the different individual ages (Fig. 4): εHft values mostly range from -1.57 to -4.27 (n=4, a single εHft value yield -8.76) for ages ranging from 376 to 379 Ma, and from -4.53 to -8.49 (n=5, a single εHft value yield -12.61) for ages ranging from 380 to 386 Ma. Older ages ranging from 391 to 393 Ma yield contrasting εHft values: -9.56, -3.65, and -2.94 (Table 2).


Fig. 4. A-G. Linearized probability plots and weighted mean diagrams for sample CHA-101 using εHft values. (A) and (B): two main εHft populations define two εHft signatures: (1) and (2), with mean values of -3.4 (n=7) and -9.0 (n=5), respectively. Two εHft values of -5.28 and -5.59 define a less representative third population, which is referred as signature (3). (C) and (D), and (E) and (F), weighted mean for the recognized εHft population in (A) and (B), respectively, yielding εHft values of -3.54 and -6.85. (D) and (F) are preferred considering its MSWD. (G) weighted mean value for the third εHft population, which yield a εHft value of -5.44.


Two ages of 393±3 and 353±4 Ma were determined for the sample REN-103. The first age was interpreted as a crystallization age, whereas the younger age as the one resulted from a reheating event at ca. 350 Ma (see Dahlquist et al., 2019 and Section 5.1). The εHft values from the younger individual ages (i.e., ~350 Ma) vary between -3.77 and -5.61, and they are comparable to the εHft values reported for the Devonian crystallization ages of the samples CHA-101 and REN-103 (Table 2 and Fig. 5).


Fig. 5. εNdt Age vs. εHft values for Devonian zircon from samples CHA-101 and REN-103 (BAPG units in the Las Chacras-Potrerillos and Renca batholiths), showing the initial epsilon Hf values as a function of the crystallization age. (1), (2), and (3) represent different εHft signatures previously recognized in figure 4 for sample CHA-101, with starts representing averages. In the average calculation for the εHft signature (2), the εHft value of -12.61 (Table 2) was exclude because this value was not considered in the weighted mean diagram of figure 4F (see discussion in the text). An “anomalous” εHft value of -15.45 (Table 2) for the sample REN-103 is not projected.


5. Discussion

5.1. U-Pb LA-MC-ICP-MS and SHRIMP zircon ages

Previous analyses (Section 4.1.) based on geochronological data, suggest a protracted magmatic activity during the building of the Las Chacras-Potrerillos batholith, and ongoing studies are focused on determining if this process is applicable to the Devonian magmatism of the Sierra de San Luis. This interpretation assumes a prolonged time in a deep hot zone maturation with a subsequent migration and emplacement of the granitic magma in shallow levels, as postulated by different authors (e.g., Kemp et al., 2007; Alasino et al., 2017; Macchioli Grande et al., 2020). This conceptual model is consistent with the studies of Dahlquist et al. (2018b) on the Veladero granitic stock in Western Sierras Pampeanas of Argentina (Fig. 1), which indicate that the granitic magma passed through ~10 km of continental crust (from ca. 17 to 7 km) before reaching its final emplacement level at shallow conditions.

On the other hand, as noted by Dahlquist et al. (2019) the younger age of 353±4 in the sample REN-103 (Renca batholith) is comparable to previous ages determined in micas crystallized in intragranitic pegmatites as well as cooling ages from biotite hosted in granitoids of the Las Chacras-Potrerillos batholith, being interpreted by Dahlquist et al. (2019) as the result of a subsequent heating event rather than a crystallization age. In particular, previous K-Ar ages from biotite crystallized in the Devonian granitoids of Sierra de San Luis, reveal cooling ages ranging from ca. 375 to 345 Ma (López de Luchi et al., 2017). Therefore, younger ages than ca. 375 Ma are assumed as ages affected by Pb loss, with subsequent resetting of the isotopic clock.

5.2. In situ Hf zircon and whole-rock Nd isotopes

Based on whole-rock geochemistry and Sm-Nd isotopes data, previous works identify two sources for the parental magmas: 1) metasomatized subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM) and 2) a lower continental crust source hybridized with magmas derived of SCLM (López de Luchi et al., 2017; Dahlquist et al., 2019). As described in Section 4.2, the average εNdt value for the Monzonite suite  is -1.37, and two distinctive εNdt values are recognized for the samples of the Granite suite: -3.47 and -1.32. The second value is only observed in three samples (n=17) being undistinguishable of the εNdt values reported for the Monzonite suite, and could indicates greater participation of the SCLM source in the hybridization process for these samples of the Granite suite.

The protracted magmatic activity postulated by Dahlquist et al. (2019) and verified in this work, along with the contribution of two sources for the parental magma of the Granite suite, is appropriated to postulate a prolonged zircon crystallization recording different magma compositions.

The identification of zircon Hf isotope populations can be performed qualitatively or using some mathematical method. In this case, the number of zircon Hf isotopic populations were defined using combined linearized probability plots and weighted mean calculations for sample CHA-101. The figures 4A-B, and 5 suggest that the zircon crystallized from a magma with variable composition, recording two major events, where the dominant εHft values are: (1) -3.54 (n=7) and (2) -6.85 (n=5, Fig. 4D-F). A third composition (3) yields a less representative εHft value of -5.44 (n=2, Fig. 4G). As shown in figure 4A and B, the signature (1) is dominant in older (391-393 Ma) and younger ages (376-379 Ma), whereas more negative εHft values (i.e., signature 2 and 3) are mostly observed in intermediate ages (380-386 Ma).

Furthermore, the figure 4A-B show that during the prolonged petrogenetic process the magma underwent Hf isotopic compositional changes, with variable εHft values for the analyzed zircon of the sample CHA-101, which displays a single εNdt value of -3.12 as shown in figure 5. Therefore, the εNdt value for this sample CHA-101 can only be interpreted as a final picture of the petrogenetic process, and the compositional changes (and participation of different sources) cannot be assessed. Similar conclusions were obtained by Kemp et al. (2007) for the granitoids of the Lachlan Fold Belt of SW Australia, where the zircon of the studied samples derived from two postulated sources (SCLM and continental crust) yield different zircon Hf and O values for a given εNdt value.

The zircon Hf values determined from sample REN-103 (Renca batholith) are insufficient to carry out a mathematical analysis like the one carried out for sample CHA-101 (Las Chacras-Potrerillos batholith). However, the epsilon Hft for zircons of sample REN-103 can be compared with those εHft values reported above for the sample CHA-101. The epsilon Hft of the sample REN-103 shows values comparable with the εHft of the sample CHA-101 (signature 1 and 3), but the εNdt is -1.12 (Fig. 5). The limited analysis number from zircon of the sample REN-103 does not allow deeper interpretations, although preliminarily a dominant signature represented for (1) and (3) could be considered as well as the presence of a relatively homogeneous source, but excluding the signature (2), which indicate a marked contribution of continental crust.

The zircon εHft values for the younger ages from sample REN-103 ranging from 343 to 356 Ma, are comparable to those values reported for magmatic zircon (Fig. 5). This indicates that the U-Pb system would have been affected by the heating event but the 177Hf/176Hf ratio remained mostly unchanged, in a similar way as suggested by different works (e.g., Farina et al., 2014; Dahlquist et al., 2020 and references therein). As it is known Hf and Pb are strongly compatible and incompatible in zircon, respectively. Consequently, it is expected that Hf will be preserved and Pb excluded from zircon grains, leading to Pb loss without eventual modification of the 177Hf/176Hf ratio.

6. Conclusions

The geochronological data strongly suggest the presence of zircon antecrysts and autocrysts with distinctive Hf composition. Combined individual U-Pb zircon ages and Hf analysis are relevant to evaluate the compositional evolution of granitic magmas in Sierra de San Luis.

Whole-rock Nd isotope data permit distinguishing two εNdt signatures for the granitic rocks of the Las Chacras-Potrerillos and Renca batholiths: ca. -1.37 and -3.47. However, Hf zircon data from sample CHA-101 indicate that the composition of the magma was not uniform and underwent variable isotopic changes during the petrogenetic process. In addition, it also seems to suggest the variable participation of different sources. In particular, the calculated εNdt values for the samples CHA-101 and REN-103 can only be interpreted as a final picture of the petrogenetic process.

In general, two main εHft signatures were recognized from sample CHA-101: (1) -3.54 and (2) -6.85. A less representative εHft signature (3) of -5.44 is also recognized. The εHft signature (1) is mostly dominant in older and younger ages (376-379 and 391-393 Ma), whereas signature (2) and (3) are dominant for intermediate ages (380-386 Ma). Sample REN-103 shows similar values of εHft to those of the sample CHA-101 with signature (1) and (3) and suggest less compositional variation than sample CHA-101 during the petrogenetic process. A relatively homogeneous source, but excluding signature (2), could be inferred for the sample REN-103.

The age of 353 Ma calculated from some zircons of sample REN-103, indicates that the U-Pb system would have been affected by a heating event, but the 177Hf/176Hf ratio remained mostly unchanged.

The authors acknowledge financial support from PIP-0564 CONICET and PICT 2020 0378, Consolidar 2018 SECyT-UNC, and FAPESP 2018/06837-3 linked to Thematic Project FAPESP 2015/03737-0. We are very grateful to the external reviewer R. Iriarte for his appropriate revision. The Editor-in-Chief L.E. Lara is also acknowledged for his editorial handling. We appreciate the editing work of G. Blanco.


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